Did you know that you can grow food without land? The system that will allow you to do this is known as aquaponics. Instead of growing plants in the soil, you grow them in water. It is a type of culture of hydroculture.
Aquaponics combines hydroponics and aquaculture in a symbiotic way to grow plants. Plants grown in the hydroponic system help aquatic animals thrive in the aquaculture environment. In turn, aquatic animals in the aquaculture environment help plants survive in the hydroculture system. Aquatic animals can be tropical like tilapia. They are also the most suitable type of fish for colder climates like trout.
Here’s how it works. In the aquaculture environment, the waste produced by aquatic animals and fish food residues accumulate. This build up eventually makes the water toxic to fish and other aquatic animals to survive to thrive. Water is circulated in the hydroponic system where plant roots use these waste materials as nutrients. The plant roots absorb these toxins and purify the water. This purified water is returned to the aquatic animals in the aquaculture system.
As for the plants cultivated in the hydroponic part of the aquaponic system, the cost of fertilization is substantially reduced compared to the plants cultivated in an autonomous hydroponic system. This is because a hydroponic system does not produce any nutrients for plants inside its closed system. The aquaponic system reuses the water used in the growth process. So substantially less water is used than growing plants in a ground system. The aquaponic system of growing plants may be more beneficial for the environment as it does not produce the flow typically produced in most land-based agriculture.
Deciding between a land-based food production system and a hydroculture system ultimately requires understanding how both systems work and then realizing the advantages and disadvantages of each system. Make a decision between hydroponics and aquaponics also requires in-depth knowledge. Both have advantages and disadvantages. Both systems will provide a higher yield than land-based agriculture and generally have less impact on the surrounding environment.